Until last few years,
By 2016, The concept of Electric cars and cars powered by anything other than gasoline gained real attention and the the initiative taken by Elon Musk to switch from oil based cars to depending on renewable sources, led many companies into developing battery-powered vehicles of their own.
Many Asian and European have put forward a petition to ban internal combustion engines by 2030, making the concept of Electric cars even more practical and required.
In the beginning of the 1900s, there was an emergence of electric cars and more than 1/5 of the united states turned electric but this rate soon diminished as the companies and people couldn’t keep up with the lower battery power, range and price as compared to their gasoline powered competitors.
By 2018, the total number of electric vehicles produced and ownership increased by more than twice of last year reaching to 4.5 million units.
It is estimated that by the next decade, the ownership and sales will increase to 100 million units where China and Europe showed the highest rate of growth.
Now, with the improvement in Research, funding and more advertisement, the concept is gaining more contributors but the industry still needs new battery technologies which are more easily developed, affordable and accessible.
There are many technology exhibitions and conferences held all over the world to come up with better concepts for new batteries and finding alternatives to gasoline methods.
So, now coming to the main question, what are the latest advancements in technology for batteries and how is it going to help in the efficiency and market sale?
Scenario in India
In India whereas, more than 10 companies ranging from auto-component manufacturers to power and energy solution providers like Exide, Napino Auto & Electronics, Exicom, Amaron, Coslight India, Amara Raja Batteries have taken advantages of the green movement in India to make plans for making lithium-ion batteries locally for a cheaper and efficient market sale.
It has come to the attention and announced that most of the incentives of 5500 crores of the second phase of FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles ) would be used in encouraging local manufacturing companies to produce these batteries locally.
The Indian government is now focusing on investing on the production of e-vehicles to reduce vehicular pollution.
Recently, one of the oldest car producing companies, Maruti Suzuki’s parent company Suzuki Motor Corporation (SMC) has joined in a partnership with Denso and Toshiba to set up the country’s first Lithium-ion battery manufacturing Facility in Gujarat at an investment of RS. 1150 Crores.
Also, Mahindra auto has forged an alliance with the chemical company of LG (LG chems).
Scope of Jobs
India has chalked a plan to aid its electric mobility mission by creating a specialised workforce. The blueprint aims at generating 10 million jobs.
The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship is in the process of preparing the programme to provide adequate manpower to the electric mobility industry.
The strategy includes creating a skilled and trained workforce which has an expertise in design and testing, battery manufacturing and management, sales, services and infrastructure of electric vehicles.
The government had initiated the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan in the year 2013 with an objective to put 6-7 million electric vehicles on Indian roads by 2020 and committing to achieve 30% e-mobility in the country by 2030.
According to Arindam Lahiri, CEO of the Automotive Skills Development Council, the process of making EV-specific occupational standards has been initiated in partnership with the Pune-based Automotive Research Association of India. As per the news report, Kolkata-based Central Staff Training and Research Institute is in the process of preparing the programme curriculum for electric vehicle technicians, while, the Power Sector Skill Council is framing four occupational standards for supervisors, technician and helpers who will be trained exclusively for maintaining e-vehicles.
So in conclusion it maybe inferred that the existence of awareness of e-vehicles is still not as much as required in India. In the first phase of FAME 60% of the incentives were given to private organizations and who are no directly related to the manufacturing of E and hybrid vehicles.
After that the second phase focused more not only on the hybrid car manufacturing companies but also on E-buses which will not only change vehicles but also mobility.
Mobility is the main subject of concern in our country now.
The way old trams used to move on electricity lines the same can be applied to E-Buses and can severely change the public transport in a country with such a huge population.
India’s transport minister Nitin Gadkari in a conference in 2017 said that whether people like it or not, India is going to move to a cleaner and biomass fuel concepts in the coming years keeping an eye on the total pollution production in the country.
Hence it can be said that India, Rather the world itself is moving on to a greener, fuel less and pollution less future, even though in its early stage, it has a lot of scope.
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